Tag: retirement

New Justices Appointed to UK Supreme Court

The UK Supreme Court has announced that three new Justices will join its bench in 2020. Lord Justice Hamblen will join on 13 January 2020, Lord Justice Leggatt will join on 21 April 2020 and Professor Andrew Burrows will join on 2 June 2020. They will replace Lady Hale of Richmond, Lord Carnwath of Notting Hill and Lord Wilson of Culworth. At the same time, Lord Reed, the current Deputy President of the Court, will take up the position of President of the Court which is now held by Lady Hale.

Lord Reed was appointed as a Justice of the Supreme Court in February 2012. Prior to his appointment, he served as a Judge in the Scottish Court of Session between 1998 to 2012. He is also a member of the panel of ad hoc judges of the European Court of Human Rights and a Non-Permanent Judge of the Hong Kong Court of Final Appeal. He was educated at the Universities of Edinburgh and Oxford. Lord Justice Hamblen served as an Assistant Recorder in 1999 and as a Recorder from 2000. He has sat as a Justice in the High Court from November 2008. He was educated at St John’s College, University of Oxford and Harvard Law School. Lord Justice Leggatt sat as a Recorder on the Western Circuit for 10 years. He was also appointed to the Queen’s Bench Division of the High Court in 2012, later promoted to the Court of Appeal. He was educated at King’s College, Cambridge and the Harvard University. Professor Andrew Burrows is Professor of the Law of England at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of All Souls College. He has been sitting as a part-time judge for over 20 years, first as a Recorder and then as a Deputy High Court Judge. He was educated at Prescot Grammar School, Knowsley, Merseyside and Brasenose College, Oxford (UK Supreme Court).

The UK Supreme Court was established in 2009 by the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 replacing the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords which had served as the UK’s highest Court for centuries. Unlike in the United States, Justices of the UK Supreme Court are selected by a non-political panel and are subject to mandatory retirement.

Former Justice Stevens Dies at 99

On 16 July 2019, at the age of 99, passed away former Justice of the US Supreme Court John Paul Stevens. Justice Stevens was appointed to the US Supreme Court in 1975 as the only nominee of President Ford. He retired from the bench in 2010. At the time, he was the second-oldest-serving justice in the history after Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., who was 90 years and 309 days when he retired in 1932.

Justice Stevens, although appointed by a Republican President, by the end of his time at the Court became one of the most liberal Justices. Justice Stevens wrote Majority opinions in landmark cases including Chevron U.S.A., Inc. v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 467 U.S. 837 (1984) (forcing Courts to give deference to government agencies’ interpretation of statutes they administer), Gonzales v. Raich, 545 U.S. 1 (2005) (allowing the federal government to prosecute patients using medical marijuana even where such use is legal under state law) and Massachusetts v. Environmental Protection Agency, 549 U.S. 497 (2007) (forcing EPA to regulate greenhouse gases as pollutants). He also voted with the Majority in Grutter v. Bollinger539 U.S. 306 (2003) (to uphold affirmative action).

Justice Stevens was in dissent in Texas v. Johnson, 491 U.S. 397 (1989) (voting to uphold a prohibition on flag-burning), United States v. Lopez514 U.S. 549 (1995) and United States v. Morrison529 U.S. 598 (2000) (voting to wider the federal government’s powers under the Interstate Commerce Clause), Van Orden v. Perry, 545 U.S. 677 (2005) (voting to disallow a display of the Ten Commandments on a monument located at the Texas State Capitol in Austin), District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570 (2008) (voting against an individual right to own firearms at home) and Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission, 558 U.S. 310 (2010) (voting to allow restrictions on corporate spending on political campaign).

After his retirement from the Supreme Court, Justice Stevens was replaced by Elena Kagan nominated by President Barack Obama.

Justice Ginsburg Hospitalised with Cancerous Growths in Lungs (SCOTUS)

On 21 December 2018, the US Supreme Court announced that Justice Ginsburg had had surgery at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York to remove two malignant growths from her left lung. It was also reported that doctors had found ‘no evidence of disease elsewhere in the body’ and no further treatment was planned at this point. Apparently, the growths were spotted during tests she had after fracturing her ribs in a fall on 7 November 2018. Since her appointment in 1993, Justice Ginsburg has already had 3 cancer-related procedures (ABC).

Justice Ginsburg is the oldest sitting Justice of the Court. She was originally appointed by President Clinton in 1993 at the age of 60 as the second woman ever appointed to the US Supreme Court. She is a known liberal who openly opposed the candidacy of Donald Trump during the 2016 presidential election (CNN). In fact, it is common knowledge that Justice Ginsburg will not voluntarily retire during a Republican president. Given her age, she was pressured to retire during the second term of the Obama’s presidency in case his predecessor turned out to be a Republican but she did not cave (NY Times). Now that President Trump appoints strictly conservative judges to the federal benches, Justice Ginsburg embraces herself to wait out his term in office. During the next presidential election in 2020, she will be 87 but her retirement plans will necessarily depend on whether President Trump is re-elected or not. If President Trump wins again in 2020, Justice Ginsburg will have no choice but to endure yet another 4 years on the bench. If successful, this would bring her to over 91 thereby beating the current record-holder, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., who stepped down at the age of 90 years and 10 months. She would also beat her former colleague Justice John Paul Stevens, who retired in 2010 at the age of 90 years and 2 months. Justice Ginsburg, despite her history of cancer and regular nodding-off during official events, remains active both as an opinion writer on the bench as well as a public speaker outside the Court.

Justice Ginsburg’s Plans to Retire

On 29 July 2018, Justice Ginsburg, who is currently 85 years old 
declared that she planned to remain on the Supreme Court for at least 5 more years (The Guardian). The Justice is already the oldest sitting Justice of the Court. She was originally appointed by President Clinton in 1993 at the age of 60 as the second woman ever appointed to the US Supreme Court. She is a known liberal who openly opposed the candidacy of Donald Trump during the 2016 presidential election (CNN). In fact, it is common knowledge that Justice Ginsburg will not voluntarily retire during a Republican president. Given her age, she was pressured to retire during the second term of the Obama’s presidency in case his predecessor turned out to be a Republican but she did not cave (e.g. NY Times here). Now that President Trump appoints strictly conservative judges to the federal benches, Justice Ginsburg embraces herself to wait out his term in office. During the next presidential election in 2020, the Justice will be 87 but her retirement plans will necessarily depend on whether President Trump is re-elected or not. If President Trump wins again in 2020, Justice Ginsburg will have no choice but to endure yet another 4 years on the bench. If successful, this would bring her to over 91 thereby beating the current record-holder, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., who stepped down at the age of 90 years and 10 months. She would also beat her former colleague Justice John Paul Stevens, who retired in 2010 at the age of 90 years and 2 months. Justice Ginsburg, despite her history of cancer and regular nodding-off during official events, remains active both as an opinion writer on the bench as well as a public speaker outside the Court. Given her spirit, she might as well be capable of achieving the title of the oldest ever sitting Justice of the US Supreme Court, that is provided nothing unexpected happens of course.